Chinese not only ran restaurants on the Canadian prairies but also managed small hotels, that they saved from going out of business during the Great Depression of the 1930s.
 "The Pennant Hotel was not, strictly speaking, a family business. Rather, it was run by several men – relatives or friends – who worked as partners. This was necessary because, from 1885 until well into the 20th century, restrictive immigration laws prevented Chinese from bringing their wives and children to Canada."

     The same circumstances existed in the U. S. for many businesses, which were owned by "paper merchants" who were often silent partners. As a 'merchant,' a laborer could apply to bring his wife and or children from China.